| Résume||In this talk, I will propose a definition of real phase structures on polyhedral complexes, focusing on matroid fans. I’ll explain that in the case of matroid fans, specifying a real phase structure is cryptomorphic to providing an orientation of the underlying matroid. Then I’ll define the real part of a polyhedral complex with a real phase structure. This determines a closed chain in the real part of a toric variety. This connection to toric geometry provides a homological obstruction to the orientability of a matroid. Moreover, in the case when the polyhedral complex is a non-singular tropical variety, the real part is a PL-manifold. Moreover, for a non-singular tropical variety with a real phase structures we can apply the same spectral sequence for tropical hypersurfaces, obtained by Renaudineau and myself, to bound the Betti numbers of the real part by the dimensions of the tropical homology groups.
This is partially based on joint work in progress with Johannes Rau and Arthur Renaudineau.|