Séminaires : Séminaire d'Analyse Fonctionnelle

Equipe(s) : af,
Responsables :E. Abakoumov - D. Cordero-Erausquin - G. Godefroy - O. Guédon - B. Maurey - G.Pisier
Email des responsables :
Salle : salle 13 - couloir 15-16 - 4ème étage
Adresse :Campus Pierre et Marie Curie
Le Jeudi à 10h30 -  IMJ-PRG - 4 place Jussieu - 75005 PARIS

Orateur(s) Djalil Chafai - ENS,
Titre Universal cutoff for Dyson Ornstein Uhlenbeck process
Horaire10:30 à 12:00

We study the Dyson-Ornstein-Uhlenbeck diffusion process, an evolving gas of interacting particles. Its invariant law is the beta Hermite ensemble of random matrix theory, a non-product log-concave distribution. We explore the convergence to equilibrium of this process for various distances or divergences, including total variation, relative entropy, and transportation cost. When the number of particles is sent to infinity, we show that a cutoff phenomenon occurs: the distance to equilibrium vanishes abruptly at a critical time. A remarkable feature is that this critical time is independent of the parameter beta that controls the strength of the interaction, in particular the result is identical in the non-interacting case, which is nothing but the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. We also provide a complete analysis of the non-interacting case that reveals some new phenomena. Our work relies among other ingredients on convexity and functional inequalities, exact solvability, exact Gaussian formulas, coupling arguments, stochastic calculus, variational formulas and contraction properties. This work leads, beyond the specific process that we study, to questions on the high-dimensional analysis of heat kernels of curved diffusions.

Sallesalle 13 - couloir 15-16 - 4ème étage
AdresseCampus Pierre et Marie Curie