Séminaires : Géométrie et Théorie des Modèles

Equipe(s) Responsable(s)SalleAdresse
Logique Mathématique
Zoé Chatzidakis, Raf Cluckers.
Sophie Germain

http://www.logique.jussieu.fr/ zoe/GTM/

 

Pour recevoir le programme par e-mail, écrivez à : zchatzid_at_dma.ens.fr.Retour ligne automatique
Pour les personnes ne connaissant pas du tout de théorie des modèles, des notes introduisant les notions de base (formules, ensembles définissables, théorème de compacité, etc.) sont disponibles ici : http://www.logique.jussieu.fr/~zoe/papiers/MTluminy.dvi. Ces personnes peuvent aussi consulter les premiers chapitres du livre Model Theory and Algebraic Geometry, E. Bouscaren ed., Springer Verlag, Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1696, Berlin 1998.Retour ligne automatique
Les notes de quelques-uns des exposés sont disponibles.

Séances à suivre

Titre Date DébutOrateur(s)SalleAdresse
+ Séances antérieures

Séances antérieures

Titre Date DébutOrateur(s)SalleAdresse
+Non-archimedean and motivic integrals on the Hitchin fibration 10/05/2019 16:00 Dimitri Wyss ENS, Salle W
Based on mirror symmetry considerations, Hausel and Thaddeus conjectured an equality between `stringy' Hodge numbers for moduli spaces of SL_n/PGL_n Higgs bundles. With Michael Groechenig and Paul Ziegler we prove this conjecture using non-archimedean integrals on these moduli spaces, building on work of Denef-Loeser and Batyrev. Similar ideas also lead to a new proof of the geometric stabilization theorem for anisotropic Hitchin fibers, a key ingredient in the proof of the fundamental lemma by Ngô.

In my talk I will outline the main arguments of the proofs and discuss the adjustments needed, in order to replace non-archimedean integrals by motivic ones. The latter is joint work with François Loeser.
+Point-wise surjective presentations of stacks, or why I am not afraid of (infinity) stacks anymore 10/05/2019 14:15 Avraham Aizenbud ENS, Salle W
Any algebraic stack X can be represented by a groupoid object in the category of schemes: that is, a pair of schemes Ob, Mor and morphisms
source, target: Mor → Ob, inversion: Mor → Mor, composition: Mor ×_Ob Mor → Mor and identity: Ob → Mor that satisfy certain axioms. Yet this description of the stack X might be misleading.

Namely, given a field F which is not algebraically closed, we have a natural functor between the groupoid (Ob(F),Mor(F)) and the groupoid X(F). While this functor is fully faithful, it is often not essentially surjective.


In joint work with Nir Avni (in progress) we show that any algebraic groupoid has a presentation such that this functor will be essentially surjective for many fields (and under some assumptions on the stack, for any field). The results are also extended to Henselian rings.


Despite the title, the talk will be about usual stacks and not infinity-stacks, yet in some of the proofs it is more convenient to use the language of higher categories and I'll try to explain why.


No prior knowledge of infinity stacks will be assumed, but a superficial acquaintance with usual stacks will be helpful.
+Almost strongly minimal ample geometries 10/05/2019 11:00 Katrin Tent ENS, Salle W
The notion of ampleness captures essential properties of projective spaces over fields. It is natural to ask whether any sufficiently ample strongly minimal set arises from an algebraically closed field. In this talk I will explain the question and present recent results on ample strongly minimal structures.


+Independence of CM points in elliptic curves 22/03/2019 11:00 Jonathan Pila ENS, Salle W
I will speak about joint work with Jacob Tsimerman. Let E be an elliptic curve parameterized by a modular (or Shimura) curve. There are a number of results (..., Buium-Poonen, Kuhne) to the effect that the images of CM points are (under suitable hypotheses) linearly independent in E. We consider this issue in the setting of the Zilber-Pink conjecture and prove a result which improves previous results in some aspects
+Counting rational points with the determinant method 22/03/2019 14:15 Per Salberger ENS, Salle W
The determinant method gives upper bounds for the number of rational points of bounded height on or near algebraic varieties defined over global fields. There is a real-analytic version of the method due to Bombieri and Pila and a p-adic version due to Heath-Brown. The aim of our talk is to describe a global refinement of the p-adic method and some applications like a uniform bound for non-singular cubic curves which improves upon earlier bounds of Ellenberg-Venkatesh and Heath-Brown.
+Patching over Berkovich Curves 22/03/2019 16:00 Vlerë Mehmeti ENS, Salle W
Patching was first introduced as an approach to the Inverse Galois Problem. The technique was then extended to a more algebraic setting and used to prove a local-global principle by D. Harbater, J. Hartmann and D. Krashen. I will present an adaptation of the method of patching to the setting of Berkovich analytic curves. This will then be used to prove a local-global principle for function fields of curves that generalizes that of the above mentioned authors.
+Definable subsets of a Berkovich curve 15/02/2019 16:00 Pablo Cubides Kovacsics ENS, Salle W
Let k be an algebraically closed complete rank 1 non-trivially valued field. Let X be an algebraic curve over k and let X^an be its analytification in the sense of Berkovich. We functorially associate to X^an a definable set X^S in a natural language. As a corollary, we obtain an alternative proof of a result of Hrushovski-Loeser about the iso-definability of curves. Our association being explicit allows us to provide a concrete description of the definable subsets of X^S: they correspond to radial sets. This is a joint work with Jérôme Poineau.
+Unlikely intersections with E×CM curves in 𝒜_2 15/02/2019 11:00 Chris Daw ENS, Salle W
The Zilber-Pink conjecture predicts that an algebraic curve in A_2 has only finitely many intersections with the special curves, unless it is contained in a proper special subvariety.
Under a large Galois orbits hypothesis, we prove the finiteness of the intersection with the special curves parametrising abelian surfaces isogenous to the product of two elliptic curves, at least one of which has complex multiplication. Furthermore, we show that this large Galois orbits hypothesis holds for curves satisfying a condition on their intersection with the boundary of the Baily--Borel compactification of A_2.
More generally, we show that a Hodge generic curve in an arbitrary Shimura variety has only finitely many intersection points with the generic points of a so-called Hecke--facteur family, again under a large Galois orbits hypothesis.
This is a joint work with Martin Orr (University of Warwick).
+Tame topology and Hodge theory. 15/02/2019 14:15 Bruno Klingler ENS, Salle W
I will explain how tame topology seems the natural setting for variational Hodge theory. As an instance I will sketch a new proof of the algebraicity of the components of the Hodge locus, a celebrated result of Cattani-Deligne-Kaplan (joint work with Bakker and Tsimerman).
+Definability in the infinitesimal subgroup of a simple compact Lie group 11/01/2019 14:15 Martin Bays ENS, Salle W
Joint work with Kobi Peterzil.
Let G be a simple compact Lie group, for example G=SO_3(R). We consider the structure of definable sets in the subgroup G^00 of infinitesimal elements. In an aleph_0-saturated elementary extension of the real field, G^00 is the inverse image of the identity under the standard part map, so is definable in the corresponding valued field. We show that the pure group structure on G^00 recovers the valued field, making this a bi-interpretation. Hence the definable sets in the group are as rich as possible.

+Scrollar invariants, resolvents, and syzygies 11/01/2019 11:00 Wouter Castryck ENS, Salle W
With every cover C -> P^1 of the projective line one can associate its so-called scrollar invariants (also called Maroni invariants) which describe how the push-forward of the structure sheaf of C splits over P^1. They can be viewed as geometric counterparts of the successive minima of the lattice associated with the ring of integers of a number field. In this talk we consider the following problem: how do the scrollar invariants of the Galois closure C' -> P^1 and of its various subcovers (the so-called resolvents of C -> P^1) relate to known invariants of the given cover? This concerns ongoing work with Yongqiang Zhao, in which we put a previous observation for covers of degree 4 due to Casnati in a more general framework. As we will see the answer involves invariants related to syzygies that were introduced by Schreyer. As time permits, we will discuss a number-theoretic manifestation of the phenomena observed.
+Tame open core and small groups in pairs of topological geometric structures 11/01/2019 16:00 Amador Martin-Pizarro ENS, Salle W
Using the group configuration theorem, Hrushovski and Pillay showed that the law of a group definable in the reals or the p-adics is locally an algebraic group law, up to definable isomorphism. There are some natural expansions of these two theories of fields, by adding a predicate for a dense substructure, for example the algebraic reals or the algebraic p-adics. We will present an overview on some of the features of these expansions, and particularly on the characterisation of open definable sets as well as of groups definable in the pairs.
+On differentially large fields. 14/12/2018 00:00 Omar León Sánchez ENS, Salle W
Recall that a field K is large if it is existentially closed in K((t)). Examples of such fields are the complex, the real, and the p-adic numbers. This class of fields has been exploited significantly by F. Pop and others in inverse Galois-theoretic problems. In recent work with M. Tressl we introduced and explored a differential analogue of largeness, that we conveniently call “differentially large”. I will present some properties of such fields, and use a twisted version of the Taylor morphism to characterise them using formal Laurent series and to even construct “natural” examples (which ultimately yield examples of DCFs and CODFs... acronyms that will be explained in the talk).
+Uniform bound for points of bounded degree in function fields of positive characteristic 14/12/2018 00:00 Arthur Forey ENS, salle W
I will present a bound for the number of 𝔽_q[t]-points of bounded degree in a variety defined over ℤ[t], uniform in q. This generalizes work by Sedunova for fixed q. The proof involves model theory of valued fields with algebraic Skolem functions and uniform non-Archimedean Yomdin-Gromov parametrizations. This is joint work with Raf Cluckers and François Loeser.
+Ax-Lindemann-Weierstrass with derivatives and the genus 0 Fuchsian groups 14/12/2018 14:15 Guy Casale ENS, Salle W
We prove the Ax-Lindemann-Weierstrass theorem for the uniformizing functions of genus zero Fuchsian groups of the first kind. Our proof relies on differential Galois theory of Schwarzian equations and machinery from the model theory of differentially closed fields. This result generalizes previous work of Pila-Tsimerman on the j function.
Joint work with James Freitag and Joel Nagloo.
+Non-standard analysis and non-archimedean geometry 16/11/2018 11:00 Antoine Ducros ENS, Salle W
In this talk I will describe a joint work (still in progress) with E. Hrushovski and F. Loeser, in which we explain how the integrals I have defined with Chambert-Loir on Berkovich spaces can be seen (in the t-adic case) as limits of usual integrals on complex algebraic varieties; a crucial step is the development of a non-standard integration theory on a huge real closed field. I plan to devote a lot of time to the precise description of the objects involved, before stating our main theorem and saying a some words about is proof.
+First-order logic in finitely generated fields 16/11/2018 14:15 Philipp Dittman ENS, Salle W
The expressive power of first-order logic in the class of finitely generated fields, as structures in the language of rings, is relatively poorly understood. For instance, Pop asked in 2002 whether elementarily equivalent finitely generated fields are necessarily isomorphic, and this is still not known in the general case. On the other hand, the related situation of finitely generated rings is much better understood by recent work of Aschenbrenner-Khélif-Naziazeno-Scanlon.
Building on work of Pop and Poonen, and using geometric results due to Kerz-Saito and Gabber, I shall show that every infinite finitely generated field of characteristic not two admits a definable subring which is a finitely generated algebra over a global field. This implies that any such finitely generated field is biinterpretable with arithmetic, and gives a positive answer to the question above in characteristic not two.
+Oscillatory integrals of subanalytic functions 16/11/2018 16:00 Jean-Philippe Rolin ENS, Salle W
In several papers, R. Cluckers and D. Miller have built and investigated a class of real functions which contains the subanalytic functions and which is closed under parameterized integration. This class does not allow any oscillatory behavior, nor stability under Fourier transform. On the other hand, the behavior of oscillatory integrals, in connection with singularity theory, has been heavily investigated for decades. In this talk, we explain how to build a class of complex functions, which contains the subanalytic functions and their complex exponentials, and which is closed under parameterized integration and under Fourier transform.
Our techniques involve appropriate preparation theorems for subanalytic functions, and some elements of the theory of uniformly distributed families of maps.
(joint work with R. Clucker, G. Comte, D. Miller and T. Servi).
+Groups and algebras 18/05/2018 11:00 Laurent Bartholdi Jussieu, salle 101 couloir 15-16 (1er étage)
To every group G is associated an associative algebra, namely its group ring kG. Which (geometric) properties are reflected in (algebraic) properties of kG? I will survey some results and conjectures in this area, concentrating on specific examples: growth, amenability, torsion, and filtrations.
+Doubling parametrizations and Remez-type inequalities 18/05/2018 16:00 Omer Friedland Jussieu, salle 101 couloir 15-16 (1er étage)
A doubling chart on an n-dimensional complex manifold Y is a univalent analytic mapping ψ : B_1 → Y of the unit ball in ℂ^n, which is extendible to the (say) four times larger concentric ball of B_1. A doubling covering of a compact set G in Y is its covering with images of doubling charts on Y. A doubling chain is a series of doubling charts with non-empty subsequent intersections. Doubling coverings (and doubling chains) provide, essentially, a conformally invariant version of Whitney's ball coverings of a domain W ⊂ ℝ^n.
Our main motivation is that doubling coverings form a special class of “smooth parameterizations”, which are used in bounding entropy type invariants in smooth dynamics on one side, and in bounding density of rational points in diophantine geometry on the other. Complexity of smooth parameterizations is a key issue in some important open problems in both areas.
In this talk we present various estimates on the complexity of these objects. As a consequence, we obtain an upper bound on the Kobayashi distance in Y, and an upper bound for the constant in a doubling inequality for regular algebraic functions on Y. We also provide the corresponding lower bounds for the length of the doubling chains, through the doubling constant of specific functions on Y.
This is a joint work with Yosef Yomdin.
+Isotrivial Mordell-Lang and finite automata 18/05/2018 14:15 Rahim Moosa Jussieu, salle 101 couloir 15-16 (1er étage)
About fifteen years ago, Thomas Scanlon and I gave a description of sets that arise as the intersection of a subvariety with a finitely generated subgroup inside a semiabelian variety over a finite field. Inspired by later work of Derksen on the positive characteristic Skolem-Mahler-Lech theorem, which turns out to be a special case, Jason Bell and I have recently recast those results in terms of finite automata. I will report on this work, as well as on the work-in-progress it has engendered on an effective version of the isotrivial Mordell-Lang theorem.
+The dynamical Mordell-Lang problem in positive characteristic 23/03/2018 14:15 Tom Scanlon IHP, amphitheatre Darboux
The dynamical Mordell-Lang conjecture in characteristic zero predicts that if f : X → X is a map of algebraic varieties over a field K of characteristic zero, Y ⊆ X is a closed subvariety and a in X(K) is a K-rational point on X, then the return set n in N : f^n(a) in Y(K) is a finite union of points and arithmetic progressions. For K a field of characteristic p > 0, it is necessary to allow for finite unions with sets of the form a + ∑_i=1^m p^n_i : (n_1, ... , n_m) in N^m and one might conjecture that all return sets are finite unions of points, arithmetic progressions and such p-sets. We studied the special case of the positive characteristic dynamical Mordell-Lang problem on semiabelian varieites and using our earlier results with Moosa on so-called F-sets reduced the problem to that of solving a class of exponential diophantine equations in characteristic zero. In so doing, under the hypothesis that X is a semiabelian variety and either Y has small dimension or f is sufficiently general, we prove the conjecture. However, we also show that our reduction to the exponential diiophantine problems may be reversed so that the positive characteristic dynamical Mordell-Lang conjecture in general is equivalent to a class of hard exponential diophantine problems which the experts consider to be out of reach given our present techniques.
(This is a report on joint work with Pietro Corvaja, Dragos Ghioca and Umberto Zannier available at arXiv:1802.05309.)
+On a conjecture of Colliot-Thélène 23/03/2018 11:00 Florian Pop IHP, amphitheatre Darboux
Let f be a morphism of projective smooth varieties X, Y defined over the rationals. The conjecture by Colliot-Thélène under discussion gives (conjectural) sufficient conditions which imply that for almost all rational prime numbers p, the map f maps the p-adic points X(ℚ_p) surjectively onto Y(ℚ_p). The aim of the talk is to present some recent results by Denef, Skorobogatov et al; further to report on work in progress on a different method to attack the conjecture under quite relaxed hypotheses.
+A model theoretic generalization of the one-dimensional case of the Elekes-Szabo theorem 23/03/2018 16:00 Sergei Starchenko IHP, amphitheatre Darboux
(Joint work with A. Chernikov)
Let V ⊆ ℂ^3 be a complex variety of dimension 2.
The Elekes-Szabo Theorem says that if V contains “too many” points on n × n × n Cartesian products then V has a special form: either V contains a cylinder over a curve or V is related to the graph of the multiplication of an algebraic group.
In this talk we generalize the Elekes-Szabo Theorem to relations on strongly minimal sets interpretable in distal structures.
+Effective Chabauty and the Cursed Curve 19/01/2018 14:15 Jan Tuitman Institut Henri Poincaré, amphi Hermite
The Chabauty method often allows one to find the rational points on curves of genus at least 2 over the rationals, but has a lot of limitations. On a theoretical level, the Mordell-Weil rank of the Jacobian of the curve has to be strictly smaller than its genus. In practice, even when this condition is satisfied, the relevant Coleman integrals can usually only be computed for hyperelliptic curves. We will report on recent work of ours (with different combinations of collaborators) on extending the method to more general curves. In particular, we will show how one can use an extension of the Chabauty method by Kim to find the rational points on the split Cartan modular curve of level 13, which is also known as the cursed curve. The talk will be aimed at non-specialists with an interest in number theory.
+Blurred Complex Exponentiation 19/01/2018 16:00 Jonathan Kirby IHP, Hermite
Zilber conjectured that the complex field equipped with the exponential function is quasiminimal: every definable subset of the complex numbers is countable or co-countable. If true, it would mean that the geometry of solution sets of complex exponential-polynomial equations and their projections is somewhat like algebraic geometry. If false, it is likely that the real field is definable and there may be no reasonable geometric theory of these definable sets.
I will report on some progress towards the conjecture, including a proof when the exponential function is replaced by the approximate version given by ∃ q,r in Q [y = e^x+q+2πi r]. This set is the graph of the exponential function blurred by the group exp(Q + 2 πi Q). We can also blur by a larger subgroup and prove a stronger version of the theorem. Not only do we get quasiminimality but the resulting structure is isomorphic to the analogous blurring of Zilber's exponential field and to a reduct of a differentially closed field.
Reference: Jonathan Kirby, Blurred Complex Exponentiation, arXiv:1705.04574
+Spectral gap and definability 19/01/2018 11:00 Isaac Goldbring
Originating in the theory of unitary group representations, the notion of spectral gap has played a huge role in many of the deep results in the theory of von Neumann algebras in the last couple of decades. Recently, with my collaborators, we are slowly understanding the model-theoretic significance of spectral gap, in particular its connection with definability. In this talk, I will discuss a few of our recent observations in this direction and speculate on some further possible developments. I will assume no knowledge of von Neumann algebras nor continuous logic. Various parts of this work are joint with Bradd Hart, Thomas Sinclair, and Henry Towsner.
+On the conjecture of Ihara/Oda-Matsumoto 15/12/2017 11:00 Adam Topaz ENS, salle W
Following the spirit of Grothendieck's Esquisse d'un Programme, the Ihara/Oda-Matsumoto conjecture predicted a combinatorial description of the absolute Galois group of Q based on its action on geometric fundamental groups of varieties. This conjecture was resolved in the 90's by Pop using anabelian techniques. In this talk, I will discuss the proof of stronger variant of this conjecture, using mod-ell two-step nilpotent quotients, while highlighting some connections with model theory.
+Géométrie des arcs et singularités 15/12/2017 14:15 Julien Sebag ENS, salle W
Soulignée par Nash dans les années 60, l'interaction entre la géométrie des espaces d'arcs et la théorie des singularités s'est fortement amplifiée sous l'influence de la théorie de l'intégration motivique notamment. Dans cet exposé, nous introduirons le schéma des arcs associé à une variété algébrique et donnerons quelques illustrations de cette interaction. Parmi elles, nous parlerons de l'interprétation (possible) du point de vue des singularités d'un théorème de Drinfeld et Grinberg-Kazhdan démontré au début des années 2000. (Cette dernière partie de l'exposé s'appuie sur une collaboration avec David Bourqui.)
+The geometry of combinatorially extreme algebraic configurations 15/12/2017 16:00 Martin Bays ENS. salle W
Given a system of polynomial equations in m complex variables with solution set of dimension d, if we take finite subsets X_i of C each of size at most N, then the number of solutions to the system whose ith co-ordinate is in X_i is easily seen to be bounded as O(N^d). We ask: when can we improve on the exponent d in this bound?

Hrushovski developed a formalism in which such questions become amenable to the tools of model theory, and in particular observed that incidence bounds of Szemeredi-Trotter type imply modularity of associated geometries. Exploiting this, we answer a (more general form of) our question above. This is part of a joint project with Emmanuel Breuillard.
+Sur les polynômes positifs qui sont sommes de peu de carrés 17/11/2017 11:00 Olivier Benoist ENS, salle W
Artin a résolu le 17ème problème de Hilbert : un polynôme réel positif en n variables est somme de carrés de fractions rationnelles. Pfister a amélioré ce résultat en démontrant qu'il est somme de 2^n carrés. Décider si la borne 2^n de Pfister est optimale est un problème ouvert si n>2. Nous expliquerons que cette borne peut être améliorée en petit degré et, en deux variables, pour un ensemble dense de polynômes positifs.
+Quasi-minimal expansions of the complex field 17/11/2017 16:00 Alex Wilkie ENS, Salle W
I discuss a back-and-forth technique for proving that in certain expansions of the complex field every L_∞, ω-definable subset of ℂ is either countable or co-countable. Some successes of the method will also be discussed.
+ Incidence systems on Cartesian powers of algebraic curves 17/11/2017 14:15 Dmitry Sustretov ENS, Salle W
The classical theory of abstract projective geometries establishes an equivalence between axiomatically defined incidence systems of points and lines and projective planes defined over a field. Zilber's Restricted Trichotomy conjecture in dimension one is a generalization of this statement in a sense, with lines replaced by algebraic curves; it implies that a non-locally modular strongly minimal structure with the universe an algebraic curve over an algebraically closed field and basic relations constructible subsets of Cartesian powers of the curve interprets an infinite field. The talk will present the basic structure of the proof of the conjecture, and outline its application, by Zilber, to Torreli-type theorem for curves over finite fields of Bogomolov, Korotiaev and Tschinkel. Joint work with Assaf Hasson.
+Approximation, domination and integration 13/10/2017 14:15 Boris Zilber ENS, salle W
The talk will focus on results of two related strands of research undertaken by the speaker. The first is a model of quantum mechanics based on the idea of 'structural approximation'. The earlier paper 'The semantics of the canonical commutation relations' (arxiv) established a method of calculation, essentially integration, for quantum mechanics with quadratic Hamiltonians. Currently, we worked out a (model-theoretic) formalism for the method, which allows us to perform more subtle calculations, in particular, we prove that our path integral calculation produce correct formula for quadratic Hamiltonians avoiding non-conventional limits used by physicists. Then we focus on the model-theoretic analysis of the notion of structural approximation and show that it can be seen as a positive model theory version of the theory of measurable structures, compact domination and integration (p-adic and adelic).
+Un nouvel analogue de l'o-minimalité dans des corps valués 13/10/2017 16:00 Immi Halupczok ENS, salle W
Pour les corps réel clos, la notion d'o-minimalité a eu un énorme succès; il s'agit d'une condition très simple à une expansion du langage des corps, qui implique que les ensembles définissables se comportent très bien d'un point de vue géométrique. Il existe plusieurs adaptations de cette notion aux corps valués (p.ex. p-mininalité, C-minimalité, B-minimalité, v-minimalité), mais la plupart de ces adaptations (a) s'appliquent seulement à une classe de corps valués assez restrictive, (b) elles n'impliquent pas tout ce qu'on voudrait, et/ou (c) elles sont définies de manière nettement plus compliquée. Dans cet exposé, je vais présenter une nouvelle notion qui n'a pas les problèmes (a) et (b) et qui a une définition raisonnablement simple.
+Corps globalement valués 13/10/2017 11:00 Itaï Ben Yaacov ENS, salle W
Dans un travail en commun avec E Hrushovski, nous étudions les corps globalement valués, qui sont une abstraction des corps de nombres, de fonctions, ou autres dans lesquels la formule du produit est vérifiée. Les questions habituelles de la théorie des modèles, telle que l'existence d'une modèle-compagne ou encore sa stabilité, nous mènent vers de nouvelles questions de nature plutôt géométrique.
Je vais expliquer quelques avancées récentes dans ce sens, où une analyse géométrique locale nous permet de déduire des propriété globales dans un corps globalement valués.
+Beyond o-minimality, and why 19/05/2017 11:00 Chris Miller ENS, salle W
O-minimal structures on the real field have many desirable properties. As examples:
(a) Hausdorff (and even packing) dimension agrees with topological dimension on locally closed definable sets.
(b) Locally closed definable sets have few rational points (in the sense of the Pila-Wilkie Theorem).
(c) For each positive integer p, every closed definable set is the zero set of a definable C^p function.
(d) Connected components of definable sets are definable.
But to what extent is o-minimality necessary for these properties to hold? I will discuss this question, and illustrate via examples as to why one might care about answers.
+Tame Expansions of o-minimal Structures 19/05/2017 14:15 Ayhan Günaydin ENS, salle W
Expanding a model theoretically “tame” structure in a way that it stays “tame” has been a theme in the recent years. In the first part of this talk, we present a history of work done in that frame. Then we focus on the case of expansions of o-minimal structures by a unary predicate. There is a dividing line according to whether the predicate is dense or discrete; even though the results obtained are similar, there is an enormous difference in the techniques used. We shall present some of the results obtained in the dense case. Starting from a set of abstract axioms, we obtain a decomposition theorem for definable sets and a local structure theorem for definable groups.
The abstract axioms mentioned above are “smallness”, “o-minimal open core” and “quantifier elimination up to existential formulas”. We shall illustrate a proof of the fact that the first two imply “quantifier elimination up to bounded formulas”, which is a weak form of the last axiom and we give reasons why it is really weaker than that axiom.
(Joint work with P. Eleftheriou and P. Hieronymi)
+Zéros et points rationnels des fonctions analytiques ou oscillant. 19/05/2017 16:00 George Comte ENS, salle W
Compter les points rationnels de hauteur bornée dans le graphe d'une fonction, ou plus généralement d'une courbe (plane), se ramène à estimer le nombre Z_d de points d'intersection de cette courbe avec un ensemble algébrique de degré d donné. J'expliquerai
- d'une part comment on peut produire des familles de fonctions analytiques sur [0,1] telle que Z_d est polynomialement borné en d, et comment une telle borne assure que le graphe d'une telle fonction recèle moins de logα(T) points rationnels de hauteur < T,
- d'autre part comment on peut traiter le cas de certaines courbes oscillant (ie non o-minimales) pour obtenir encore une borne du type logα(T).
Il s'agit de travaux en commun avec Y. Yomdin d'une part et C. Miller d'autre part.
+Un théorème d'Ax-Lindemann non-archimédien 28/04/2017 11:00 François Loeser ENS, Salle W
On présentera un résultat de type Ax-Lindemann pour les produits de courbes de Mumford sur un corps p-adique. Notre preuve reprend en l'adaptant les grandes lignes de l'approche de Pila dans le cas archimédien. En particulier nous utilisons un théorème de Pila-Wilkie p-adique obtenu avec R. Cluckers et G. Comte. Il s'agit d'un travail en commun avec A. Chambert-Loir.
+Triangulation des ensembles semi-algébriques p-adiques 28/04/2017 14:15 Luck Darnière ENS, Salle W
On sait que les ensembles semi-algébriques p-adiques admettent une décomposition cellulaire semblable à celle des semi-algébriques réels (Denef 1984). On sait aussi les classifier à bijection semi-algébrique près (Cluckers 2001), mais pas à homéomorphismes semi-algébriques près. En introduisant une notion appropriée de simplexe sur les corps p-adiquement clos, on peut montrer que tout ensemble semi-algébrique p-adique est semi-algébriquement homéomorphe à un complexe simplicial p-adique, exactement comme dans le cas réel clos. C'est ce résultat récent de `triangulation p-adique' que je tâcherai de présenter, avec ses applications les plus directes (existence de découpages avec contraintes aux bords, existence de rétractions, etc).
+Séries linéaires limites et applications 28/04/2017 16:00 Omid Amini ENS, Salle W
Je présente un formalisme combinatoire pour l'étude des dégénérescences des séries linéaires dans une famille de courbes algébriques. J'en déduis quelques applications dont notamment l'équirépartition selon la mesure admissible de Zhang des points de ramification des fibrés en droite sur les courbes de Berkovich, un analogue non-archimédien du théorème de Mumford-Neeman. Je discuterai aussi la question de la convergence de la mesure d'Arakelov vers la mesure de Zhang dans une famille de surfaces de Riemann.
+Rational points on families of curves 10/03/2017 11:00 Evelina Viada ENS, Salle W
The TAC (torsion anomalous conjecture) states that for an irreducible variety V embedded transversaly in an abelian variety A there are only finitely many maximal V-torsion anomalous varieties. It is well know that the TAC implies the Mordell-Lang conjecture. S. Checcole, F. Veneziano and myself were trying to prove some new cases of the TAC. In this process we realised that some methods could be made not only effective but even explicit. So we analysed the implication of this explicit methods on the Mordell Conjeture. Namely: can we make the Mordell Conjecture explicit for some new families of curves and so determine all the rational points on these curves? Of course we started with the easiest situation, that is curves in ExE for E an elliptic curve. We eventually could give some new families of curves of growing genus for which we can determine all the rational points. I will explain the difficulties and the ingredients of this result. I will then discuss the generalisations of the method and also its limits.
+Satellites of spherical subgroups and Poincaré polynomials 10/03/2017 16:00 Anne Moreau ENS, Salle W
Let G be a connected reductive group over C. One can associate with every spherical homogeneous space G/H its lattice of weights X^*(G/H) and a subset S of M of linearly independent primitive lattice vectors which are called the spherical roots. For any subset I of S we define, up to conjugation, a spherical subgroup H_I in G such that dim H_I = dim H and X^*(G/H_I) = X^*(G/H). We call the subgroups H_I the satellites of the spherical subgroup H. Our interest in satellites H_I is motivated by the space of arcs of the spherical homogeneous space G/H.
We show a close relation between the Poincaré polynomials of the two spherical homogeneous spaces G/H and G/H_I.
All of this is useful for the computation of the stringy E-function of Q-Gorenstein spherical embeddings.
The talk is based on joint works with Victor Batyrev.
+Quasianalytic Ilyashenko algebras 10/03/2017 14:15 Patrick Speissegger ENS, salle W
In 1923, Dulac published a proof of the claim that every real analytic vector field on the plane has only finitely many limit cycles (now known as Dulac's Problem). In the mid-1990s, Ilyashenko completed Dulac's proof; his completion rests on the construction of a quasianalytic class of functions. Unfortunately, this class has very few known closure properties. For various reasons I will explain, we are interested in constructing a larger quasianalytic class that is also a Hardy field. This can be achieved using Ilyashenko's idea of superexact asymptotic expansion. (Joint work with Zeinab Galal and Tobias Kaiser)
+Geometric invariants that are encoded in the Newton polygon 10/02/2017 11:00 Wouter Castryck ENS, Salle W
Let k be a field and let P be a lattice polygon, i.e. the convex hull in R^2 of finitely many non-collinear points of Z^2. Let C/k be the algebraic curve defined by a sufficiently generic Laurent polynomial that is supported on P. A result due to Khovanskii states that the geometric genus of C equals the number of Z^2-valued points that are contained in the interior of P. In this talk we will give an overview of various other curve invariants that can be told by looking at the combinatorics of P, such as the gonality, the Clifford index, the Clifford dimension, the scrollar invariants associated to a gonality pencil, and in some special cases the canonical graded Betti numbers. This will cover joint work with Filip Cools, Jeroen Demeyer and Alexander Lemmens.
+Determining finite simple images of finitely presented groups 10/02/2017 14:15 David Evans ENS, Salle W
I will discuss joint work with Martin Bridson and Martin Liebeck which addresses the question: for which collections of finite simple groups does there exist an algorithm that determines the images of an arbitrary finitely presented group that lie in the collection? We prove both positive and negative results. For a collection of finite simple groups that contains infinitely many alternating groups, or contains classical groups of unbounded dimensions, we prove that there is no such algorithm. On the other hand, for a collection of simple groups of fixed Lie type we obtain positive results by using the model theory of finite fields.

+Cell Decomposition for P-minimal structures: a story 10/02/2017 16:00 Eva Leenknegt ENS, salle W
P-minimality is a concept that was developed by Haskell and Macpherson as a p-adic equivalent for o-minimality. For o-minimality, the cell decomposition theorem is probably one of the most powerful tools, so it is quite a natural question to ask for a p-adic equivalent of this.
In this talk I would like to give an overview of the development of cell decomposition in the p-adic context, with an emphasis on how questions regarding the existence of definable skolem functions have complicated things. The idea of p-adic cell decomposition was first developed by Denef, for p-adic semi-algebraic structures, as a tool to answer certain questions regarding quantifier elimination, rationality and p-adic integration. This first version eventually resulted in a cell decomposition theorem for P-minimal structures. This theorem, proven by Mourgues, was however dependent on the existence of definable Skolem functions. The second part of the talk will focus a bit more on Skolem functions, and sketch a generalized version of the Denef-Mourgues theorem that does not rely on the existence of such functions, by introducing a notion of clustered cells. We will explain the notion, give an informal sketch of the proof, and compare with other versions of cell decomposition.
+Wilkie's conjecture for restricted elementary functions 13/01/2017 11:00 Gal Binyamini ENS, Salle W
Let X be a set definable in some o-minimal structure. The Pila-Wilkie theorem (in its basic form) states that the number of rational points in the transcendental part of X grows sub-polynomially with the height of the points. The Wilkie conjecture stipulates that for sets definable in R_exp, one can sharpen this asymptotic to polylogarithmic.
I will describe a complex-analytic approach to the proof of the Pila-Wilkie theorem for subanalytic sets. I will then discuss how this approach leads to a proof of the “restricted Wilkie conjecture”, where we replace R_\exp by the structure generated by the restrictions of exp and sin to the unit interval (both parts are joint work with Dmitry Novikov). If time permits I will discuss possible generalizations and applications.

+Some Zilber-Pink-type problems 13/01/2017 14:15 Jonathan Pila ENS, salle W
I will discuss some problems which are analogous to, but formally not comprehended within, the Zilber-Pink conjecture, involving collections of “special subvarieties” connected with uniformization maps of suitable domains.
+Imaginaires dans les corps valués avec opérateurs 13/01/2017 16:00 Silvain Rideau ENS, Salle W
Au début des années 2000, Haskell, Hrushovski and Macpherson ont décrit les ensembles interprétables dans un corps valué algébriquement clos à l'aide d'équivalents en plus grande dimension des boules. Plus précisément, ils ont prouvé l'élimination des imaginaires dans le language géométrique. Pendant la même période, l'intérêt des théoriciens des modèles pour les corps valués avec opérateurs s'est grandement développé. Les questions résolues pour ces structures tournent, pour la plupart, autour de l'élimination des quantificateurs et de la modération. Mais, au vu des résultats de Haskell, Hrushovski and Macpherson, il est tentant de vouloir aussi classifier les ensembles interprétables.
Dans cet exposé, je traiterai des deux exemples les mieux compris: la modèle complétion de Scanlon des corps valués munis d'une dérivation contractive et les corps valués séparablement clos de degré d'imperfection fini. En particulier, je montrerai comment l'élimination des imaginaires dans ces structures est liée à l'existence d'une base canonique pour les types définissables et comment la propriété d'indépendance (ou plutôt son absence) peut aider à contrôler ces bases canoniques.
+Densité locale motivique et p-adique uniforme 09/12/2016 11:00 Arthur Forey ENS, salle W
Je présenterai un analogue motivique de la densité locale introduite par Kurdyka-Raby dans le cas réel et Cluckers-Comte-Loeser dans le cas p-adique. Celle-ci s'applique aux définissables dans une théorie de corps Henséliens modérée (au sens de Cluckers-Loeser), en caractéristique nulle et caractéristique résiduelle quelconque.
Comme dans les cas sus-cités, il existe un cône tangent distingué sur lequel on peut calculer la densité si on lui attache des multiplicités, qu'on définit en décomposant l'ensemble définissable étudié en graphes de fonctions (localement) 1-Lipschitziennes. Cela implique en particulier une version uniforme du théorème de Cluckers-Comte-Loeser sur la densité p-adique.
+Théorie des modèles de variétés compactes complexes avec automorphisme 09/12/2016 14:15 Martin Hils ENS, salle W
On peut développer la théorie des modèles des variétés compactes complexes (CCM) avec automorphisme générique en analogie avec ce qui a été fait pour les corps aux différences existentiellement clos, autrement dit pour la théorie ACFA, dans des travaux importants de Chatzidakis et Hrushovski, entre autres. La théorie (du premier ordre) correspondante CCMA est supersimple, et on a la trichotomie de Zilber pour les types “fini-dimensionnels” de rang SU 1.
Dans l'exposé, je vais présenter quelques résultats dans CCMA qui relèvent de la simplicité géométrique, et je vais discuter comment on peut traiter de systèmes dynamiques méromorphes dans ce cadre. Enfin, j'indiquerai pourquoi CCMA n'élimine pas les imaginaires, contrairement à ce qui se passe dans ACFA.
+Uniform analytic properties of representation zeta functions of groups 09/12/2016 16:00 Christopher Voll ENS, salle W
Representation zeta functions of groups are Dirichlet-type generating functions enumerating the groups' finite-dimensional irreducible complex representations, possibly up to suitable equivalence relations. Under favourable conditions, these zeta functions satisfy Euler products whose factors are indexed by the places of number fields. I will discuss how p-adic integrals can be used to study these Euler products and how this sometimes allows us to capture some key analytic properties of representation zeta functions of groups.

+Cardinalities of definable sets in finite structures 04/11/2016 16:00 Dugald Macpherson ENS, salle W
I will discuss model-theoretic developments stemming from a theorem of Chatzidakis, van den Dries and Macintyre, which states that given a formula φ(x,y) in the language of rings, there are finitely many pairs (μ ,d) (μ rational, d a natural number) such that for any finite field F_q and parameter a, the definable set φ(F_q,a) has size roughly μ q^d for one of these pairs (μ ,d). A model-theoretic framework suggested by this was developed by Elwes, myself, and Steinhorn, with notions of an `asymptotic class' of finite structures, and `measurable' infinite structure: an ultraproduct of an asymptotic class is measurable (and in particular has supersimple finite rank theory).

I will discuss recent work with Anscombe, Steinhorn and Wolf on `multi-dimensional asymptotic classes' of finite structures and infinite `generalised measurable' structures which greatly extends this framework, to include classes of multi-sorted structures, which may have infinite rank ultraproducts, or even have ultraproducts with non-simple theory (though these ultraproducts can never have the strict order property). The key feature is the fixed bound, for each formula φ(x,y), on the number of approximate sizes of sets φ(M,a) as M ranges through a class of finite structures and the parameter a varies through M. The focus will be on naturally-arising examples.
+Perspectives sur le probl&egrave;me inverse de Galois 04/11/2016 11:00 Pierre Dèbes ENS, salle W
Les résultats dont je parlerai sont motivés par le Problème Inverse de Galois Régulier (PIGR):

Montrer que tout groupe fini G est le groupe de Galois d'une extension galoisienne F/Q(T) avec Q algébriquement
clos dans F.

Je présenterai deux types de résultats. J'expliquerai d'abord que certaines variantes fortes liées aux
notions d'extensions génériques, d'extensions paramétriques et de type de ramification paramétriques ne sont pas
vraies. Puis, je montrerai une conséquence forte du PIGR liée à une conjecture de Malle sur le nombre
d'extensions galoisiennes de Q de groupe donné et de discriminant borné.
+Orthogonalité et théorie des modèles des groupes de rang fini dans les preuves de Mordell-Lang pour les corps de fonctions - Orthogonality and model theory of finite rank groups in the proofs of Function Field Mordell-Lang 04/11/2016 14:00 Elisabeth Bouscaren ENS, salle W
Dans cet exposé, nous essayerons d'expliquer l'utilisation de la théorie des modèles des groupes de rang fini et de la notion d'orthogonalité dans les preuves modèles théoriques de la conjecture de Mordell-Lang pour les corps de fonction, à la fois dans la preuve originelle de Hrushovski et dans des travaux plus récents sur le sujet (en commun avec Franck Benoist et Anand Pillay). Nous parlerons en particulier de l'utilisation du “Théorème du Socle” dans ces preuves.

In this talk, we will try to explain the use of the model-theory of finite rank groups and of the notion of orthogonality in the model theoretic proofs of the Mordell-Lang Conjecture for function fields, in Hrushovski's original proof as well as in other more recent work (joint with Franck Benoist and Anand PIllay). In particular we will talk about the use of the “Socle Theorem” in these proofs.

[Début de l'exposé à 14h15]
+Non-standard fewnomials 13/05/2016 11:00 Vincenzo Mantova ENS, Salle W
Call non-standard fewnomial (or sparse/lacunary polynomial) a non-standard polynomial whose number of non-zero terms is finite. The non-standard translation of a conjecture of Rényi and Erdöt;s, proved by Schinzel and then improved by Zannier, says that if the square of a non-standard polynomial is a fewnomial, then the polynomial itself is a fewnomial. With C. Fuchs and Zannier, we proved the more general statement that the ring of fewnomials is integrally closed in the ring of non-standard polynomials. This can be used to show certain properties of covers of multiplicative groups, such as a kind of Bertini irreducibility theorem. I will discuss both standard and non-standard formulations of the theorem, some of the applications, and give a sketch of a new non-standard proof.
+Profinite NIP groups 13/05/2016 14:15 Katrin Tent ENS, Salle W
We consider profinite groups as 2-sorted first order structures, with a group sort, and a second sort which acts as an index set for a uniformly definable basis of neighbourhoods of the identity. It is shown that if the basis consists of all open subgroups, then the first order theory of such a structure is NIP (that is, does not have the independence property) precisely if the group has a normal subgroup of finite index which is a direct product of finitely many compact p-adic analytic groups, for distinct primes p. In fact, the condition NIP can here be weakened to NTP2.
We also show that any NIP profinite group, presented as a 2-sorted structure, has an open prosoluble normal subgroup.
(Joint work with Dugald Macpherson)
+Wave front sets of distributions in non-archimedean analysis. 13/05/2016 16:00 Michel Raibaut ENS, Salle W
In 1969, Sato and Hörmander introduced the notion of wave front set of a distribution in the real context. This concept gives a better understanding of operations on distributions such as product or pullback and it plays an important role in the theory of partial differential equations. In 1981, Howe introduced a notion of wave front set for some Lie group representations and in 1985, Heifetz gave an analogous version in the p-adic context. In this talk, in the t-adic context in characteristic zero, using Cluckers-Loeser motivic integration we will present analogous constructions of test functions, distributions and wave front sets. In particular, we will explain how definability can be used as a substitute for topological compactness of the sphere in the real and p-adic contexts to obtain finiteness.
This a joint work with R. Cluckers, and F. Loeser.
+Enveloppes définissable de sous groupe abélien, nilpotent ou résoluble 08/04/2016 14:00 Nadja Hempel ENS, salle W.
Étant donné un groupe G, un problème particulier qui nous intéresse est de trouver des enveloppes définissables de sous-groupes abéliens, nilpotents ou résolubles de G qui ayant les mêmes propriétés algébriques.
Au cours des dernières décennies, il y a eu des progrès remarquables pour répondre a cette question pour des groupes qui satisfont certaines propriétés modèle-théoriques (théorie stable, dépendante, simple, etc.), ainsi que pour des groupes dont les centralisateurs satisfont certaines conditions de chaîne sur des centralisateur.
Je présente ces résultats et donne des applications.
+Réseaux euclidiens de rang fini et infini, séries thêta et formalisme thermodynamique 08/04/2016 16:00 Jean-Benoit Bost ENS, salle W.
Un réseau euclidien est la donnée (E, | . |) d'un ℤ-module E isomorphe à ℤ^r, r in ℕ, et d'une norme euclidienne | . | sur le ℝ-espace vectoriel E_ℝ ≅ ℝ^r qui lui est associé.
En géométrie arithmétique, il s'avère naturel d'associer à un réseau euclidien un invariant dans ℝ_+ défini au moyen d'une série thêta par la formule:
h^0_θ(E, | . |) := log sum_v in E e^-π|v|^2.
Dans cet exposé, je discuterai diverses propriétés, classiques et moins classiques, de cet invariant h^0_θ. Notamment, j'expliquerai comment certaines de ses propriétés se rattachent à la théorie des grandes déviations et au formalisme thermodynamique.
Je présenterai aussi des généralisations de l'invariant h^0_θ attachées à des avatars de rang infini des réseaux euclidiens.
+La conjecture de Manin-Mumford dynamique pour les relevés du Frobenius 08/04/2016 11:00 Junyi Xie ENS, salle W
La conjecture de Manin-Mumford dynamique est un analogue dynamique de la conjecture de Manin-Mumford. Dans cet exposé, on démontre une version de cette conjecture pour les endomorphismes d'espaces projectifs sur un corps p-adique dont la réduction modulo p est le Frobenius. Notre méthode est de transporter la dynamique p-adique à une dynamique sur un corps de caractéristique p par la théorie des espaces perfectoïdes de Peter Scholze.
+Géométrie et Théorie des Modèles 04/03/2016 11:00
+Géométrie et Théorie des Modèles 14/11/2014 11:00 Martin Ziegler Ecole Normale Supérieure, 45 rue d'Ulm, 75005 Paris (RER : Luxembourg)
+ Degrees of strongly special subvarieties and the André-Oort conjecture. 14/11/2014 14:15 Chris Daw Ecole Normale Supérieure, 45 rue d'Ulm, 75005 Paris (RER : Luxembourg)
We give a new proof of the André-Oort conjecture under the generalised Riemann hypothesis. In fact, we generalise the strategy pioneered by Edixhoven, and implemented by Klingler and Yafaev, to all special subvarieties. Thus, we remove ergodic theory from the proof of Klingler, Ullmo and Yafaev and replace it with tools from algebraic geometry. Our key ingredient is a lower bound for the degrees of strongly special subvarieties coming from Prasad's volume formula for S-arithmetic quotients of semisimple groups.
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